institution

institution
The commencement or inauguration of anything, as the commencement of an action. The first establishment of a law, rule, rite, etc. Any custom, system, organization, etc., firmly established. An elementary rule or principle.
See also institute
An establishment, especially one of eleemosynary or public character or one affecting a community. An established or organized society or corporation. It may be private in its character, designed for profit to those composing the organization, or public and charitable in its purposes, or educational (e.g. college or university). In re Peabody's Estate, 21 Cal.App.2d 690, 70 P.2d 249, 250.
A foundation, as a literary or charitable institution. Prescott Courier v. Board of Sup'rs of Yavapai County, 49 Ariz. 423, 67 P.2d 483, 486.
Civil law.
The appointment of an heir; the act by which a testator nominates one or more persons to succeed him in all his rights active and passive.
Political law.
A law, rite, or ceremony enjoined by authority as a permanent rule of conduct or of government. An organized society, established either by law or the authority of individuals, for promoting any object, public or social. A system or body of usages, laws, or regulations, of extensive and recurring operation, containing within itself an organism by which it effects its own independent action, continuance, and generally its own further development. Its object is to generate, effect, regulate, or sanction a succession of acts, transactions, or productions of a peculiar kind or class. We are likewise in the habit of calling single laws or usages "institutions," if their operation is of vital importance and vast scope, and if their continuance is in a high degree independent of any interfering power.
Practice.
Commencement of civil action or criminal prosecution.
@ public institution
One which is created and exists by law or public authority, for benefit of public in general; e.g., a public hospital, charity, college, university, etc.
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • institution — [ ɛ̃stitysjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1190; lat. institutio I ♦ 1 ♦ Rare Action d instituer. ⇒ création, établissement, fondation. L institution d une fête annuelle, d une commission d enquête. L institution du calendrier grégorien en 1582. « l institution du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • institution — in‧sti‧tu‧tion [ˌɪnstˈtjuːʆn ǁ ˈtuː ] noun 1. [countable] a large important organization: • Japanese institutions are steadily increasing their presence in Europe. • the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors deˈpository instiˌtution… …   Financial and business terms

  • institution — Institution. s. f. v. Action par laquelle on instituë, on establit. L Institution des jeux Olympiques. l institution d un tel Ordre. l institution des Pairs de France, du Parlement. les paroles sont de l institution des hommes. c est une loüable …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Institution — In sti*tu tion, n. [L. institutio: cf. F. institution.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act or process of instituting; as: (a) Establishment; foundation; enactment; as, the institution of a school. [1913 Webster] The institution of God s law is described… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • institution — institution, social institution The use of the term institution in sociology, meaning established aspects of society, is close to that in common English usage. However, there have been some changes over time in the exact conceptualization of the… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • institution — in·sti·tu·tion n 1: the act of instituting 2: a significant practice, relationship, or organization in a society or culture the institution of marriage 3: an established organization or corporation esp. of a public character; specif: a facility… …   Law dictionary

  • Institution — (v. lat. Institutio), 1) Einsetzung, Einrichtung, bes. die politischen Einrichtungen eines Staates, welche die Rechte u. Freiheiten der Staatsbürger der Regierung gegenüber garantiren sollen; 2) Beförderung zu einem Amte od. einer Kirchenpfründe; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Institution — (lat.), Stiftung, Anordnung, Einrichtung, bes. Staats und bürgerliche Einrichtung; auch Einsetzung in ein Amt. Institutionen, Unterweisungen, Teil des Corpus juris, welcher eine enzyklopäd. Übersicht des röm. Rechts enthält, unter Justinian 533… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • institution — c.1400, action of establishing or founding (a system of government, a religious order, etc.), from O.Fr. institucion foundation; thing established, from L. institutionem (nom. institutio) disposition, arrangement; instruction, education, noun of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Institution — [Network (Rating 5600 9600)] …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • institution — ► NOUN 1) an important organization or public body, such as a university, bank, hospital, or Church. 2) an organization providing residential care for people with special needs. 3) an established law or custom. 4) informal a well established and… …   English terms dictionary

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